Skip to content

My SBL 2019 Paper on Ephesians 2:19–22

I’ll be presenting a paper on Ephesians 2:19–22 at the Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting on 23 November 2019:

Lionel Windsor, “Plural Constructions and Post-supersessionist Possibilities in Ephesians 2:19–22”

Abstract

The final sentence of Ephesians 2 (vv. 19–22), which describes gentile inclusion using an extended construction metaphor, is awash with interrelated exegetical issues. These include the much-discussed issue of whether πᾶσα οἰκοδομή (2.21) is wholative (“the whole construction”), or distributive (“every construction”). This paper outlines and defends a reading of Eph 2:19–22 which understand this phrase distributively as “every construction”. Most interpreters exclude this line of interpretation, primarily for contextual reasons: the theme of unity is normally seen as so strong in Eph 2 that it rules out any notion of ecclesiological plurality.

The paper first outlines a summary post-supersessionist reading of Eph 2:1–18, demonstrating that within and alongside unity, ecclesiological plurality is a significant feature. In vv. 1–3, there is a marked distinction between two groups, “you” gentiles and “we” Jews. In vv. 11–13, circumcision is not annulled but placed in a broader prophetic and Christological perspective so that it is no longer a tool for Jew-gentile hostility. In vv. 14–18, the unity envisaged consists in “peace” between these two groups, who nevertheless remain distinct.

In light of this re-examination of the context, the paper proceeds to a close reading of Eph 2:19–22, highlighting new interpretative possibilities for the passage that allow for ecclesiological plurality alongside unity. The resulting translation reads:

So then, you [gentiles] are no longer foreigners and resident aliens, but you are fellow-citizens of the holy ones and family members of God, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, the cornerstone being Christ Jesus himself, in whom every activity of edification, because it is combined with [the others], effects growth into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built along with [the others] into a dwelling-place for God by the Spirit.

Ephesians 2:19–22 (proposed translation)

Details of the session

Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature
San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA

“Jews and Gentiles as One New Humanity”: a joint session between the Theological Interpretation of Scripture and the Society for Post-Supersessionist Theology devoted to readings of Ephesians chapter 2.

Session ID: S23-245
23 November 2019
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: 31C (Upper Level East) – Convention Center

Panel:

  • R. Kendall Soulen, Emory University, Presiding
  • Susannah Ticciati, King’s College London, Panelist (25 min)
  • David Rudolph, The King’s University, Panelist (25 min)
  • Lionel Windsor, Moore Theological College, Panelist (25 min)
  • Stephen Fowl, Loyola University Maryland, Panelist (25 min)
  • Randi Rashkover, George Mason University, Respondent (25 min)

Related:

Reading Ephesians & Colossians After Supersessionism (Cover image)

The paper develops some of the ideas in my book Reading Ephesians and Colossians after Supersessionism: Christ’s Mission through Israel to the Nations (NTAS; Eugene: Wipf & Stock (Cascade Books), 2017).

See also my blog post Built Together (Ephesians 2:20–22) in the series Lift Your Eyes: Reflections on Ephesians.

Published inChurchEphesians

Publications by Lionel Windsor:

  • Iso-chats: Theology

All posts

Recent blog posts

  • The powerful Christian life: according to Ephesians
    What do we do when we feel weak in the face of powerful people? Here are seven key reflections on power from Ephesians.
  • Liturgy Song – Moore College Revue 2020
    Here's a tribute to our online chapel experience in mid-2020 at Moore College, in the full spirit of parody. I wrote it for our Moore College Revue, and had much fun performing it with Jordan Smith and Monique New.
  • My grandfather’s part in a WWII mission over Modane
    A journey of discovery of some of my family history. My maternal grandfather, Allan Fisher DFC, flew a mission over a rail yard in Modane.
  • Youth praying, Finchale PrioryWhat can we learn about prayer from Ephesians?
    Prayer: What are you doing when you pray? Who are you praying to? Why does it matter? Here are three reflections on prayer from my series on Paul's letter to the Ephesians. #liftyoureyes
  • Salvation in Ephesians
    Here are the key reflections on the topic of salvation in Ephesians in my series Lift Your Eyes: Reflections on Ephesians
  • Photo by Bruno Aguirre on UnsplashWho are “the saints” in Ephesians?
    Who are "the saints" in Ephesians? Only Jewish believers in Christ? Or all believers in Christ? Here's my answer.
  • Ministry and mission in Ephesians
    Here are the key reflections on the topic of ministry and mission in Ephesians in my series Lift Your Eyes: Reflections on Ephesians
  • This GodThe doctrine of God in Ephesians
    Here are the key reflections on the topic of The doctrine of God in Ephesians in my series Lift Your Eyes: Reflections on Ephesians
  • Humility in Ministry #3 (Romans 11)
    God achieves his purposes through the gospel—with you and without you. A sermon on Romans 11 at Moore College chapel.
  • Humility in Ministry #2 (Romans 10)
    Since the gospel is about believing not achieving, Christian ministry is about speaking not achieving. A sermon on Romans 10 at Moore College chapel.

On this site

All content copyright Lionel Windsor